wat is artificial intelligence
it really doesnt exists. For being intelligence, something should be independent. Computers and other things represents intelligence but they are only copying and solving an algorithm.
About your other question, machines dont think. If youve seen "I, robot" you would see that they werent intelligent machines, since they followed laws they inserted to them.
Artificial intelligence refers to machine intelligence as well as the branch of computer science that studies and researches, designs, and implements machine intelligence. There is no single approach to the study of Artificial Intelligence (we haven't even really precisely described human intelligence), and it's ultimately divided into a number of subfields of focused research on different aspects of AI. We may seek to build machines that think human (following a model of human cognition/psychology) or behave like humans (passes the Turing test). However, we may also seek to build machines that thinks and functions according to an ideal definition of 'intelligence'; the machine may adhere to strict logic, or it may act according to feedback/change/inference (simulated rationality). These are 4 different approaches to Artificial intelligence. Ultimately, the open questions AI tries to answer is 'can machines think intelligently?' and 'how can we build intelligent machines?'.
AI is a very deep field, with lots of knowledge of human intelligence, psychology, computer science and mathematics, and machine engineering involved.
As we attempt to answer the question of building machines that can operate intelligently, we bump into philosophical questions such as: Can formal rules be used to draw valid conclusions? How does the mental mind arise from a physical brain? Where does knowledge come from? How does knowledge lead to action?
too put it in a simple way , when human built computer , they soon found out , it true they are fast in giving you some calculations and yes its true that they can memorize lots of information BUT they are actually just a dumb machine which giving you the answer which it's based of the informations or the circuit WE (Human )provided for them and everybody knows which human can make a lots of mistakes , so they decided to teach this stupid machine and make it learn just like a baby , today they have been succesful in giving some machine SOME intelligence and make them learn by some very complicated information but still there is a long (VERY long) way to go
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