Mathematics
OpenStudy (anonymous):

Find the angle between the vectors u and v if u = (1, 2) and v = (- 4, - 2)

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

Use the formula $\Large \theta = \arccos\left(\frac{u\cdot v}{|u||v|}\right)$ where u and v are vectors.

OpenStudy (anonymous):

which number in my points do i use for each... for example which number in (1,2) would I use for which u

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

In the numerator of that fraction, you're computing the dot product between u and v

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

So what is the dot product between u = (1, 2) and v = (- 4, - 2)?

OpenStudy (anonymous):

-8

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

good

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

now you need to find |u| and |v|

OpenStudy (anonymous):

how do I do that?

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

use the formula |x| = sqrt(a^2+b^2) where the vector x is x = (a,b)

OpenStudy (anonymous):

so it is sqrt(1^2+2^2) for u's and then sqrt(-4^2+-2^2) for v's?

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

yes, so what do you get?

OpenStudy (anonymous):

i think u's is sqrt(5) and v's is 2sqrt(5)

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

You got it, nice work So what is |u||v|?

OpenStudy (anonymous):

10... so then its arccos(-8/10)?

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

yes

OpenStudy (anonymous):

which turns out to be 143.13degrees

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

you nailed it

OpenStudy (anonymous):

You keep helping me sooo much. Thanks, I am taking a Pre-Calculus course by myself and sometimes it can be difficult to figure out all of the questions by myself :).

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

you're very welcome, that must be pretty crazy lol

OpenStudy (anonymous):

yep... I'm almost done though (thankfully haha)

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

well that's good

OpenStudy (anonymous):

is there a difference between a u surrounded by two of the straight lines as opposed to the just one in the question you just helped me with?

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

Well technically it should have been $\Large \|u\|$ since the two vertical bars denote the norm or magnitude of a vector. But the absolute value bars say the same thing (they're just used in a more general sense). So either work in my opinion.

OpenStudy (anonymous):

oh, ok... thanks for clarifying. I am working on another type of question like that and wasn's sure if there was a difference.

jimthompson5910 (jim_thompson5910):

there's not much of a difference really