Ask your own question, for FREE!
Mathematics
OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

Find the integrating factor to make the differential equation exact, and then solve \[(3x^2y+2xy+y^3)\text d x+(x^2+y^2)\text dy=0\]

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

\[M=(3x^2y+2xy+y^3)\qquad\qquad N=(x^2+y^2)\]\[\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}=3x^2+2x+3y^2\qquad\qquad\frac{\partial N}{\partial x}=2x\]\[\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}\neq \frac{\partial N}{\partial x}\]\[\text{let}\quad R=R(x)\]\[\frac{\partial(R(x)M)}{\partial y}=\frac{\partial(R(x)N)}{\partial x}\]\[R(x)\frac{\partial M}{\partial y}=R(x)\frac{\partial N}{\partial x}+NR'(x)\]\[R(x)(3x^2+2x+3y^2)=R(x)(2x)+(x^2+y^2)R'(x)\]\[R(x)(3x^2+3y^2)=(x^2+y^2)R'(x)\]\[\frac{R'(x)}{R(x)}=\frac{3x^2+3y^2}{x^2+y^2}\]\[\frac{R'(x)}{R(x)}=3\]\[\int\frac{\text d R}{ R(x)}=\int3\text dx\]\[\ln R=3x\]\[R=e^{3x}\] \[MR(x)=e^{3x}(3x^2y+2xy+y^3)\qquad\qquad NR(x)=e^{3x}(x^2+y^2)\]\[\frac{\partial(R(x)M)}{\partial y}=e^{3x}\left(3x^2+2x+3y^2\right)\]\[\frac{\partial(R(x)N)}{\partial x}=3e^{3x}(x^2+y^2)+e^{3x}(2x)\]\[\frac{\partial(R(x)M)}{\partial y}=\frac{\partial(R(x)N)}{\partial x}\]\[f(x,y)=\int M\text dx+g(y)\]\[=\int e^{3x}(3x^2y+2xy+y^3)\text d x+g(y)\]

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

\[\cdots\]

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

you've definitely got the correct integrating factor

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

but then I would have used this to find f(x,y):\[f(x,y)=\int NR(x) dy \]which is much simpler

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

I assume you can solve from here?

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

\[f(x,y)=\int NR(x) dy=\int e^{3x}(x^2+y^2)dy=e^{3x}(x^2y+y^3/3)+h(x)\]

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

\[f(x,y)=\int NR(x)\text dy\]\[=\int e^{3x}(x^2+y^2)\text dy=e^{3x}\left(yx^2+\frac{y^3}3\right)+h(x)\]

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

h(x) can be found by doing a partial derivative of f(x,y) wrt to x and equating the result to MR(x)

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

use the fact that:\[MR(x)=\frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial x}\]

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

\[f(x,y)=e^{3x}\left(yx^2+\frac{y^3}3\right)+h(x)=e^{3x}(3x^2y+2xy+y^3)\]

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

no, you are are equating this:\[f(x,y)=MR(x)\]which is not correct. you need to differentiate f(x,y) with respect to x and then equate the result to MR(x), i.e.:\[\frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial x}=MR(x)\]

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

remember an exact differential equation can be written as:\[\frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial x}+\frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial y}\frac{dy}{dx}=0\]

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

i havent see it written in that form

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

after getting the integrating factor, your equation reduced to:\[MR(x)+NR(x)\frac{dy}{dx}=0\]

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

These online notes may be of help: http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/Exact-Equations.topicArticleId-19736,articleId-19710.html

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

These are also good: http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/Classes/DE/Exact.aspx

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

\[f(x,y)=e^{3x}\left(yx^2+\frac{y^3}3\right)+h(x)\] \[\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}=3xe^{3x}(3x^2y+2xy+y^3)+e^{3x}(6xy+2y)+h'(x)\]\[=e^{3x}(9x^3y+6x^2y+3xy^3+6xy+2y)+h'(x)\] \[MR(x)=e^{3x}(3x^2y+2xy+y^3)\]

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

?,

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

your partial derivative does not look correct

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

ops

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

:)

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

\[f(x,y)=e^{3x}\left(yx^2+\frac{y^3}3\right)+h(x)\]\[\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}=3e^{3x}(x^2y+\frac {y^3}3)+e^{3x}(2xy)+h'(x)\]\[=e^{3x}(3x^2y+2xy+y^3)+h'(x)\] \[MR(x)=e^{3x}(3x^2y+2xy+y^3)\] \[h'(x)=0\]\[h(x)=c\]

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

\[f(x,y)=e^{3x}\left(yx^2+\frac{y^3}3\right)=-c=c_1\]

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

?is that the final solution

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

yes - looks fine to me.

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

Thank-you so Much

OpenStudy (asnaseer):

yw

OpenStudy (unklerhaukus):

for \(c=e^{\{-5,...5\}}\)

Can't find your answer? Make a FREE account and ask your own questions, OR help others and earn volunteer hours!

Join our real-time social learning platform and learn together with your friends!
Latest Questions
kingjayden: New Beat released. Link Down Below
47 seconds ago 7 Replies 0 Medals
kingjayden: New beat released
1 hour ago 1 Reply 0 Medals
koenko: can someone explain poetry to me im lost
3 hours ago 28 Replies 2 Medals
VYBUNI: -12 + 1 + (-12) =
3 hours ago 27 Replies 1 Medal
psychace999: I need help with this science.
4 hours ago 14 Replies 3 Medals
todoroki1: What do you think of my art. I will put it down below
2 hours ago 21 Replies 2 Medals
Ashley29: Need ideas on what to draw
5 hours ago 15 Replies 4 Medals
Can't find your answer? Make a FREE account and ask your own questions, OR help others and earn volunteer hours!

Join our real-time social learning platform and learn together with your friends!