Astronomers estimate that a 2 - km wide asteroid collides with the Earth once every million years. The collision could pose a threat to life on Earth. (a) Assume a spherical asteroid has a mass of 3200 kg for each cubic meter of volume and moves toward the Earth at 15 km/s. How much destructive energy could be released when it embeds itself in the Earth? (b) For comparison, a nuclear bomb could release about . How many such bombs would have to explode simultaneously to release the destructive energy of the asteroid collision with Earth?
for me it could not be estimated right now.bcoz scientists were even cant able to measure the distructions of atom bombs, nuclear reactor , earthquakes,etc.,
Assuming a spherical asteroid 2km wide with a density of 3200 kg/m3 using simple maths its mass will be 1.3 x 10^13kg Its kinetic energy will be 1.5 x 10^21 Joules. This will all get converted into sound, heat etc and this energy will cause the destruction. The 'Little boy' bomb dropped on Hiroshima was 6.3 * 10^13 Joules That means the kinetic energy of our asteroid would be 23,000,000 x the energy of the Hiroshima bomb.
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