(MC)The photograph below was taken in the early 1940s in Durham, North Carolina. http://learn.flvs.net/webdav/assessment_images/educator_ushistory/v12/0100_08_03.jpgWhat legal doctrine was at the center of the system depicted in this photograph? states' rights separate but equal popular sovereignty limited government
(MC)Which of the following was the main reason that the federal government created a method for Native Americans to become U.S. citizens? to reduce the amount of money spent supporting Native Americans to encourage Native Americans to assimilate into mainstream society to undermine the legal basis of the treaties made with Native American tribes to guarantee that Native Americans enjoyed constitutionally protected civil rights (LC)Which factor contributed most directly to the Battle of Little Bighorn? Lakota treaty violations over-hunting of the buffalo the passage of the Dawes Act the start of the Dakota gold rush (MC)What was the main way that African American farmers got out of the debt that they incurred as sharecroppers? They grew a variety of crops to guard against crop failure. They pooled their crops to get a higher price after harvest. They fled to the North and West to leave their debts behind. They worked in factories to earn extra wages to pay off their debts.
(MC)Which of the following resulted from the passage of the Black Codes after the Civil War? Emancipated slaves were unable to return to farming jobs. Thousands of African Americans migrated to the North and West. Violence and discrimination against African Americans decreased. The Republican Party was unable to gain the support of African American voters. MC)What was the main goal of the Jim Crow laws passed in the South after the end of Reconstruction? to push carpetbaggers back to the North to return control of plantations to their original owners to establish the social, legal, and economic superiority of whites to begin the process of integrating African Americans into white society (HC)Which of the following statements about the Fourteenth Amendment is true? It reversed the strides emancipated slaves had made after the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment. It reinterpreted the Declaration of Independence's decree that "all men are created equal" to suppress the civil liberties of minorities. Its promise of equal protection was largely unfulfilled as Southern governments took measures to limit the progress of emancipated slaves. Its vow to ensure equal protection for all citizens was upheld religiously as emancipated slaves took government positions in the South
MC)The passage below is an excerpt from the Fourteenth Amendment: No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. This amendment was proposed by Congress in response to which of the following? the rise of violence against emancipated slaves the passage of Black Codes throughout the South the emergence of white resistance to the civil rights movement the attempts of Democrats to limit the voting rights of African Americans (MC)Which statement best characterizes the difference between the Reconstruction goals of President Andrew Johnson and the Radical Republicans in Congress? President Johnson wanted more leniency toward the former Confederate states; the Radical Republicans wanted punishment. President Johnson wanted to help the South modernize its economy; the Radical Republicans wanted to punish the South. President Johnson wanted federal control over the South for a long period of time; the Radical Republicans wanted to withdraw federal troops quickly. President Johnson wanted to grant land to emancipated slaves; the Radical Republicans only wanted to expand the civil rights of the emancipated slaves. MC)Which statement best explains why President Lincoln supported the Ten Percent Plan to readmit former Confederate states to the Union? Lincoln wanted to make sure the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified. Lincoln wanted to punish the Southern states for starting the Civil War. Lincoln wanted to heal the wounds of the Civil War as quickly as possible. Lincoln wanted the former Confederate states to pay part of the Union's war debt.
(MC)Which of these allowed Radical Republicans to take control of Reconstruction policy? their leadership of the Department of War their control of two-thirds of the House and Senate the removal of President Johnson from office the withdrawal of federal troops from the South (MC)Which of the following people or groups wanted Reconstruction policy to be the most forgiving of the former Confederate states? Republicans in Congress Union Army military governors Presidents Lincoln and Johnson leaders of the abolition movement
(MC)Which of the choices below significantly undermined states' rights? passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act the secession of the Confederate states the Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision ratification of the Fourteenth Amendmen (LC)Which of these was a direct consequence of the Civil War? the disintegration of the Whig Party the addition of new states to the Union the use of popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery the extension of voting rights to African American men (LC)What was a direct effect of the Emancipation Proclamation? Slavery was abolished in all federal territories. Slavery was outlawed in all states that had seceded from the Union. Slavery was eliminated in all states that had remained in the Union. Slaves from all states were drafted into military service.
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